Funding your startup

Your startup needs funding. We'll show you your options and walk you through the processes
26 minute read
Adam Smith @HomebrandAdam
Technical Co-pilot
Cover photo for Funding your startup

Залишайтеся в курсі оновлень

Підпишіться на нашу розсилку, щоб бути в курсі важливих тем.
Дякуємо, що підписалися! Слідкуйте за вхідними повідомленнями, щоб не пропустити новини.

You're going to need some capital to get your business off the ground. Here are the top options for financing your business idea

Once you've got a great business idea and you've written out a plan, you're going to need some funds to get started. How much you need will depend on the type of business you're launching. 

Fortunately, there are a lot of different funding options to help you build your empire. But first things first: let's figure out how much capital you'll need to get yourself started.

Figuring out how much capital you need

As we mentioned before, the amount of capital you need is going to depend on the type of business you're launching. Regardless of your business, though, your startup costs are going to fall into three main categories.

Business expenses

Your business expenses are your costs you'll incur to operate your business. To start your business, this could include things like marketing materials, legal fees, any fees involved in registering your business (the average cost in the US is $800–1,000 USD), website costs, salaries and office rent. The good news is these expenses are tax deductible. The bad news is you'll still need a chunk of change to get started.

Business assets

Your business assets are going to cost you money as well, but they're tangible items of value that your business owns. This could include inventory, office furniture, equipment and vehicles.

Cash reserve

Cash technically falls under business assets, but it's important to spend some time on this subject. It's crucial to figure out how much cash you'll need on hand.

Your cash on hand, or cash reserve, is money you actually have sitting in your bank account. Its purpose is to help see your business through tough times.

Figuring out your cash reserve is pretty simple. Just look at your projected monthly expenditures and multiply this by the number of months you want to have cash in reserve for. In other words, in the worst case scenario that your business goes through a period of no revenue, how many months' cushion do you want?

Most experts recommend a cash reserve of between three and six months' expenditure. It can be tempting to keep a large cash reserve, but just remember that every dollar you tie up in cash is a dollar you can't use to grow and expand your business. You need to find a figure that strikes a balance between providing security and giving you room to invest in your business.

Once you've figured out your startup expenses, startup assets and cash reserve, add these figures together and you've got the amount you'll need in startup capital. Go ahead and add 10% to this figure to give yourself a bit of a cushion in the very likely event that some costs are more than anticipated.

What you'll need to get started

Now that you have a good idea of how much capital you'll need, you're probably eager to start raising money. But before you jump into securing that sweet, sweet cash, there are a couple other details to get in order. After all, anyone investing in your business is going to want to know that you have a well thought out plan.

Business plan

Hopefully you read our previous chapter on how to write a business plan. If you didn't, though, here's a brief summary of what a business plan entails:

  • Value proposition: This is a summary of the solution you're providing to customers, and what makes your solution unique.

  • Market research: Your market research should detail demand for your solution and your ideal customer demographic. It should identify the market you'll be operating in and the opportunities in that market.

  • Funding: This is a summary of the funds you'll require to get started and how you plan to use those funds.

  • Milestones: This identifies the major milestones your business plans on hitting, and an estimate of when you'll hit them.

  • Resourcing: Your human resourcing should identify what roles you need to fill and profiles of the sort of staff you'll need.

This is just a synopsis, and your business plan should go into detail on each of these points. If you haven't read our chapter on writing a business plan, you should really go back and read it now.

5-year financial projections

Any investors you approach are going to want to see financial projections for at least the first three years of your business, and some may want to see up to five years. You should break your projections down month-by-month for the first year and then by quarter for the following years.

Your financial projection will take into account your expected sales minus your expenses. Be sure to be specific, showing how you're pricing your product or service, the number of sales you're projecting for each month or quarter and itemizing your expenses in detail.

Creating financial projections for a company that hasn't even launched can be tricky. This is where some in-depth research is required. You need to examine the industry you'll be working in and determine demand based on competitors. It could be a good idea to get the advice of an accountant who's worked in your industry.

Your projections shouldn't be unrealistic, but they also shouldn't be overly conservative. Remember you're trying to attract investors. You want to present them with an attractive projection.

Once you have a detailed business plan and financial projections, you can start approaching investors. But what kind of investors should you approach, and do you even need outside investment? Here are your options:

Put your own skin in the game

What it means

If you're in a position to finance your own business venture, that's fantastic. It's an uncommon position to be in (unless you keep your operation lean, which we totally recommend and will address later). But even if you can't entirely finance your startup on your own, you should still put some of your own money into it. It sends a signal to investors that you believe in your idea enough to back it yourself.

How to do it

You can use cash if you actually have enough on hand to finance your business. Once again, if you keep your operation lean it won't take much cash to get yourself up and running.

If you do require more cash, you could consider selling items you don't need, or even getting a second mortgage on your house. It's risky, we know. But starting a business requires a certain tolerance for risk.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • You won't be indebted to anyone

  • You won't need to worry about finding investors

Cons

  • If you need a significant amount of startup capital, you might not have enough funds on your own

  • Using your own funds is high risk

Get a bank loan

What it means

Banks offer a variety of loans that could help you get your business running. This could be a personal loan, which is money lent to you rather than your business. It can either be secured by some sort of asset, or unsecured. The difference is that a secured loan gives the bank recourse to take possession of the asset in the event you default on the loan.

You could also get a line of credit. This is a fixed credit amount you can draw from. You'll only be charged interest on the amount of credit you use, but a bank can require full repayment of a line of credit at any time.

If you're in the United States, many banks offer SBA loans. These are loans backed by the Small Business Administration. This makes it possible for businesses without a lot of collateral to get financing. They're easier to qualify for because they're lower risk to the bank, as the SBA guarantees up to 85% of the loan.

Finally, one of the most common types of business loans is a business term loan. These offer you a set amount of capital paid off over a fixed timeframe.

How to do it

Bank small business loans aren't easy to qualify for. It's an attractive form of financing, generally with low interest rates. As such, banks are picky about the businesses they lend to.

To put yourself in the best position, you'll need a good personal credit score. For Americans, this means a FICO of 700 or above. You'll need to demonstrate to the bank that your personal financial position is sound, and that you can meet your obligations without siphoning off of your business.

Banks will also want to see a detailed business plan and a full financial projection. You'll need to provide your personal tax returns, and you'll need to tell the bank exactly what the loan will be used for.

We're not going to sugarcoat it: startups, particularly in the United States, face an uphill battle getting bank small business loans. Some countries, such as Canada, have banks that are friendlier to startups. But most American banks want a business to have existed for at least six months and be bringing in at least $100,000 in annual revenue before approving a business loan.

An SBA loan is the best bet for a startup seeking bank funding. There are a few different types of SBA loans. The SBA 7a loan is the most common type of SBA loan. This provides funds up to $5 million USD. If you're a startup, your best bet of qualifying for an SBA 7a is to have a proven business model that the bank sees as low risk (such as a franchise). 

One of the better SBA loans for startups is the SBA Express loan. This loan caters to startups needing a smaller amount of capital, with loan amounts up to $350,000 USD. This loan is typically easier to qualify for since the maximum lending amount is so much smaller.

Express loans are also quicker than SBA 7a loans. While an SBA 7a loan can take weeks or months to process, an SBA Express loan is approved or declined within 36 hours, and funds are typically available within 90 days.

If you do go for an SBA loan, you'll need to have a sizeable down payment. Lenders typically require a 25–30% down payment on SBA loans, so you'll either need to come up with that amount yourself or secure it from other investors.

Best banks for small business loans

If you're a startup, you'll definitely want to head to a bank that offers SBA loans. The Small Business Administration publishes a list of the most active SBA 7a lenders in the country, and the top five banks for SBA lending are:

  • Live Oak Banking Company

  • Wells Fargo

  • The Huntington National Bank

  • Newtek Small Business Finance

  • Byline Bank

Of these, Huntington National was the only one we could definitively identify as participating in the SBA Express program. However, some other lenders that offer SBA Express loans include:

  • Citizens Bank

  • TD Bank

  • Timberland Bank

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Long loan terms

  • Low interest rate

  • Low monthly repayment

Cons

  • Difficult to qualify for

  • SBA loans require a large down payment

  • Other loans require a business to have operated for at least six months

Get a grant

What it means

A grant is any sort of gift or subsidy bestowed upon an individual or organization for a specific purpose. Grant funds don't have to be repaid.

How to do it

There are a plethora of grants available for starting a business, but that doesn't mean there are piles of money lying around for the taking. Competition for grants is fierce, so you have to make a very good case for your business.

The first step in securing grant funds is researching the grants available and determining which ones are the best fit for your business. Grants are for specific purposes, and most have very specific focuses such as helping businesses doing research and development, funding businesses that will export goods or aiding women and minorities looking to start businesses.

If you find a grant that looks like a good match for your business, you'll need to go through the application process. Each grant will have its own application process and criteria, but you'll generally need to write a grant proposal.

Grant proposals will differ based on the submission requirements for each grant. Some organizations may require a full grant proposal, which can be around 25 pages long and detail your project, the funds you'll require and what they'll be used for. There are freelance writers who specialize in writing grant proposals, and if the grant you apply for requires a full proposal we strongly suggest utilizing this service.

Some grants may only require a Letter of Inquiry (LOI). An LOI is often the first step of the grant application process, and allows an organization to see if you're a good fit for their grant funds. This is basically your elevator pitch: a short, punchy description of what you're trying to accomplish, what you need and how you'll use the grant funds.

Some other grants may ask for a letter proposal. This is a bit longer, generally a few pages, and once again describes your project, the funds you need and how they'll be used. While you may be able to craft a winning LOI on your own, we'd also highly recommend a grant writing specialist for grants requiring a letter proposal.

Federal, state and local small business grants

The US Small Business Administration funds a few grants that can help get your startup off the ground, depending on your focus.

If you're looking to produce or sell a product and are open to targeting overseas markets, the SBA's State Trade Expansion Program (STEP) could be a good fit. The STEP grant goes directly to state agencies to support export development and increase the number of US small business exporters.

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant helps fund startups in the tech field that are focused on research and development. If your startup is focused on R&D and tech, this grant could be a good fit.

If the tech you're developing could have nonprofit applications, look into the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) grant. It requires small businesses to collaborate with a research institution such as a nonprofit, a university or a federal R&D department.

In addition to federal grants, many individual states and even local governments also offer grants to small business. Do some research into the grants offered in your state and city to see if your business idea qualifies.

Small business grants for women

The Amber Grant awards a different female entrepreneur $2,000 USD each month, with an annual prize of an additional $25,000 USD for one of the year's 12 winners. There's a $15 application fee, but the application process is quick and straightforward. Both US and Canadian businesses are eligible.

The Girlboss Foundation awards a bi-annual grant of $15,000 USD to female entrepreneurs. Not only do winners get funds, they also get great exposure for their businesses on the Girlboss platform.

Small business grants for minorities

The Minority Business Development Agency posts regular updates on grant opportunities for minority business owners. You can find open grant competitions on the MBDA website.

Small business grants from corporates

Here's a bit of inspiration for you: every Fortune 500 company was once a startup, just like you. Fortunately, a few of them remember this and look to give a leg up to entrepreneurs.

There are a number of different corporates offering small business grants, but a couple are particularly good fits for startups.

The Visa Everywhere Initiative focuses on entrepreneurs working on payment platform solutions. It awards $50,000 to the top three submissions each year.

The FedEx Small Business Grant Contest divides $25,000 between 10 winners each year. The application requires a brief description of your entrepreneurial story and business idea, as well as a one-minute video pitching your business.

Small business grant for veterans

The StreetShares Foundation offers an annual grant of $25,000 split between four winners. Applicants must be a veteran, reserve or active duty transitioning military member or spouse. Entry is simple, and requires filling out an online form and creating a two-minute pitch video. 

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Funds don't have to be repaid

Cons

  • Competition for grants is fierce

  • Application process can be time consuming

  • Approval timeframes can be long

Get a P2P loan

What it means

Peer-to-peer (P2P) lenders match borrowers with individuals or groups of individuals with money to lend. It's a similar concept to crowdfunding, but with more sophisticated mechanisms in place to appropriately price for risk and return. Investors in P2P lenders can choose to invest small or large amounts, pick their risk appetite and then their money will be pooled with similar investors and matched with people seeking loans that fit their profile.

How to do it

P2P finance is much easier to qualify for than traditional bank financing, because P2P lenders can match your business to investors with a higher risk appetite. However, most P2P small business loans require you to have been in business for at least a year.

This doesn't mean you can't get a P2P loan as a startup. It just means you'll have to qualify on your personal finances rather than the strength of your business plan. P2P lenders will typically consider borrowers with lower credit scores, though most will want a FICO of at least 600.

The application process for most P2P lenders is straightforward, and can be done online. Because a lot of P2P lenders have positioned themselves as fintechs (financial technology companies), they have fast approval processes that rely on algorithms rather than humans with a calculator and a rubber stamp.

To get a P2P loan for your business, you'll need to pull together your personal financial information, including your tax returns, pay stubs and bank statements. Just be aware that the amount of funds you'll be able to access with a personal loan will be lower than a business loan (typically up to $50,000 USD).

Best P2P lenders for small business

While there are plenty of great P2P lenders offering personal loans, Upstart stands out to us. They take a more holistic view of their borrowers, looking not just at financial history but at education, work history and area of study. You'll need a minimum FICO of 620, but you can borrow up to $50,000 USD for a three- to five-year loan term.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Easier to qualify for than bank loans

  • Low interest rates

  • Simple application process

  • Fast approval and funding times

Cons

  • Lower maximum loan amounts than bank loans

  • Business loans only available to established businesses

  • Approval will depend on your personal finances rather than the strength of your business plan

Use a credit card

What it means

If you don't have cash on hand and don't want to worry about raising money from investors, you can use a personal credit card to finance your startup costs.

How to do it

This one is a bit of a no-brainer. You just put any startup costs on your personal credit card. Be sure to go through your statements carefully and itemize any business expenses so you can deduct them on your taxes. You should also think about choosing a credit card with a 0% introductory APR so you don't accrue interest during your first year of operation. Rewards points can also be helpful for your business, as you could use them for future expenses like business travel.

Depending on your personal credit, you could also qualify for a business credit card even if you're still in startup phase and haven't earned any revenue. Business cards are a better option for most startups than a personal card, as they make it easier to separate business and personal expenses. Plus, missed payments on some small business cards won't affect your personal credit score.

Best credit cards for small business

The best card for your small business will depend on your personal financial circumstances and credit history, but we think the American Express Blue Business Plus is worth a look. AMEX will consider your application even if you haven't earned any revenue yet, and the card has no annual fee. You'll also earn double rewards points for every $1 spent up to $50,000 per year, and one point for every dollar thereafter. 

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Don't have to seek funding

  • Don't have to have large amounts of cash on hand

  • Keep equity in your business

  • Potentially earn rewards points

Cons

  • High interest rate (after introductory period)

  • Low maximum amount versus some other sources of capital

  • Missed payments could ruin your personal credit

Seek out angel investors

What it means

Angel investors are high net worth individuals who invest money in business ventures. They can invest on their own or pool their money with other angel investors. They invest in return for equity in the business or convertible debt, which is debt that can be converted into shares in the company.

Angel investors are a popular source of financing for startups, since they focus on the strength of the individual entrepreneur and business plan rather than personal credit history. Angel investments on average range from $25,000 USD to $100,000 USD.

How to do it

Angel investors are taking a high risk investing in your business, so they need to be ensured that it's a good risk to take. That means they'll want to see drive, motivation, persistence and intelligence from you as an individual, and a solid plan for your business.

While your business plan will be crucial in securing angel investors, they're also busy people, which means you need to work on your elevator pitch. Work on condensing your business plan to a brief presentation that communicates your value proposition, the demand for your product or service and your growth strategy. You should also consider making a slide deck to go along with your elevator pitch.

Because they're taking a big risk, angel investors also expect a big return (in the neighborhood of 20–30%), so demonstrate how their investment will generate that return. You also need to present a sound exit strategy.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Potential for large amounts of capital

  • Focus on character of entrepreneur and solidity of business plan rather than credit history

Cons

  • You'll be giving up equity in your business

  • Competition for angel investment funds is fierce

  • Angel investors expect a high rate of return

Pitch to venture capitalists

What it means

Venture capitalists represent groups of investors who pool their money to purchase equity in new business ventures. They differ from angel investors in that angel investors are investing their own personal funds, whereas venture capital firms represent investors. 

Venture capitalists also typically invest larger amounts than angel investors. As we mentioned before, an individual angel investor may invest $25,000 USD to $100,000 USD, while the average venture capital investment is $7 million USD.

Venture capitalists are also generally more involved than angel investors. An angel investor may offer help and support to an entrepreneur, but this depends on the entrepreneur's and angel investor's own preferences. Venture capitalists, however, are actively involved in providing guidance, advice and support to the startups they fund.

How to do it

It's tough to get the attention of a venture capital firm. VCs are flooded with funding requests from startups, so they have to be picky about the ones they pursue.

VCs tend to focus on tech-based startups, and particularly startups developing software as a service (SaaS) products. They're also attracted to past success, so they lean towards successful serial entrepreneurs.

One of the most difficult parts of securing venture capital is to get on a VC's radar to begin with. The best way to do this is through a personal introduction by a trusted mutual associate. 

If you're lucky enough to get the attention of a VC, you'll need a good elevator pitch and a well-crafted business plan. If they like what they see, you'll work with them (and lawyers) to craft a term sheet. This sets out the terms of the VC's investment. It basically entails what they expect to receive in return for their money. 

A term sheet will likely include details like the way the VC's equity stake will be structured, their rights to control of the company via seats on the board of directors, their rights to participating in future funding rounds, the valuation of the company and what happens upon sale or liquidation of the company. 

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Large amounts of capital

  • Guidance and support for growing your business

Cons

  • Gives up equity in your business

  • Relinquishes control of some parts of your business

  • Very difficult to secure

Crowdfund your idea

What it means

Crowdfunding is raising funds from a large group of people, usually using an online platform. It relies on securing small amounts from a large number of individuals.

There are a couple different types of crowdfunding, and each comes with its own challenges. First, there's donation and reward crowdfunding. This practice lays out your entrepreneurial vision and asks people to donate to help you achieve it. At certain levels of donation, rewards are offered. This could be the product you're developing or access to the service you're selling.

The second type of crowdfunding is investment crowdfunding. In this method, you're offering people an equity stake in your business proportionate to their investment, or a share of the revenue.

How to do it

There are a number of online platforms for crowdfunding. It's important, though, to be clear about the challenges involved.

Donation and reward crowdfunding is usually a make or break scenario. Your crowdfunding campaign has a certain goal, and if you don't hit it you don't end up with any funds. It's a risky venture.

Another challenge presented by donation and reward crowdfunding is fulfilling all the orders if you do hit your goal. If you're using the funds to develop a product and offering that product as a reward, you need to be certain you can deliver the product to participants in a reasonable timeframe, and that the product delivers on what you promised.

Investment crowdfunding presents its own legal challenges. Because you're offering people equity in your business, you'll have to fill out some paperwork. You'll file what's known as a Form C, which is required of any company raising capital through equity crowdfunding. Depending on the platform you choose, investment crowdfunding can also be a binary outcome. Either you hit your goal and receive funding, or you miss your goal and receive nothing.

Crowdfunding platform comparison

Kickstarter

Kickstarter focuses specifically on creative projects. That could be an artistic project, a fashion product, a new piece of technology or any other creative pursuit. It's an all-or-nothing model, meaning you have to hit your goal to see any funds. The platform doesn't allow offers of equity or revenue sharing.

Indiegogo

Indiegogo offers a more flexible model than Kickstarter, with the ability to raise funds through either a donation and rewards model or an equity model. The platform also offers prototyping, manufacturing and fulfillment support.

Crowdfunder

Crowdfunder is an equity crowdfunding platform linking VCs with entrepreneurs. To participate, your idea should already have gotten some early traction with customers, other investors or entrepreneurship programs like startup incubators. You'll also need a term sheet, an executive summary and an investor pitch deck. Only Accredited Investors are allowed to invest via Crowdfunder, so the platform is only suited to startups that are beyond the inception phase.

SeedInvest

SeedInvest is a platform linking crowd investors with startups. Depending on the model you choose, you can raise anywhere from $250,000 to $50 million USD. SeedInvest requires entrepreneurs to apply to be included on the platform. It will pay certain upfront costs, and only makes money if your equity raising campaign is successful.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Provides easy access to willing investors

  • Some platforms help manage payments from investors

  • Some platforms help with marketing, manufacturing and fulfillment

Cons

  • Some platforms are an all-or-nothing funding model

  • Some platforms are geared towards more mature startups

Turn to friends and family

What it means

Pitch your vision to people you already know to raise capital for your business. You can offer them an equity stake in return for their investment.

How to do it

They're your friends and family. You'd know better than us.

In all seriousness, though, you should focus on having a professional pitch. Don't just count on drawing investment from your friends and family based on your relationship alone. Show them that your business is a sound investment that can generate a return for them. You're not looking for a handout. You're offering an opportunity.

A well-crafted business plan is just as important when raising funds from friends and family as it is when raising capital from banks or venture capitalists. It demonstrates that you have a solid strategy and have properly crunched the numbers on the return you expect your business to generate. Asking friends and family to open their wallets can be an awkward endeavor. A quality business plan serves as a shield to that awkwardness.

Only you can gauge whether or not it's wise to pursue funding from your social circle. A lot of this decision will come down to your history with them and their individual temperaments. If you've inundated your social circle with requests for money in the past, you may already have burned those bridges, regardless of the strength of your business plan. But if you've built a reputation of trustworthiness and responsibility, your friends and family may be eager to invest in your future, regardless of the return it generates for them.

Pros and cons

Pros

Friends and family already know you

Cons

Friends and family already know you (gulp!)

Draw on your retirement

What it means

If you're in the US, you can actually use your 401(k) to start a business. There are several ways to do this, but the best fit for startups is known as ROBS, or Rollover for Business Startups. This allows you to draw out your 401(k) or IRA funds to finance your business venture. Unlike other 401(k) options, there are no penalties or taxes on the withdrawal, and you don't have to repay the funds.

How to do it

You'll need at least $50,000 in a 401(k) or IRA to use this option (Roth IRAs aren't eligible). You'll have to set your business up as a C-corp, which we'll discuss further in our chapter on structuring your business. To qualify you'll also need to be employed full-time in your business. You'll also need to find a provider who offers ROBS. One further stipulation is that your business will have to offer retirement plans to eligible employees.

If you're short of the $50,000 USD required, you can use your 401(k) or IRA as a savings account to save up funds for starting your business. It might mean delaying your startup for a few years, but it means your savings will be tax deductible.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • No repayment required

  • Not based on credit history

  • Not based on strength of business plan

Cons

  • Need at least $50,000 USD in a retirement fund

  • Limits your options for structuring your business

PayPal

What it means

PayPal Working Capital is a program that allows PayPal merchants to get a cash advance based on their total sales. It's interest-free, but does come with a one-time fee. You make minimum repayments every 90 days, and you can repay the entire cash advance at any time.

How to do it

This one only applies if you've got a history of accepting payments through PayPal, so it might not help get your business off the ground. It can help you launch a new product or a new business venture, but only if you have previous sales through PayPal.

PayPal Working Capital provides a cash advance of up to 35% of your annual PayPal sales. It's based on these sales rather than your credit history. There's no interest on the cash advance. Instead you pay a percentage of each PayPal sale until the cash advance is repaid. There's also a fee based on your sales history, the repayment percentage you choose and the cash advance amount.

You can apply online through PayPal. The application takes about five minutes and you can receive your cash advance immediately. The maximum cash advance amount is around $187,000 USD.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • No interest charges

  • Easy application

  • Doesn't rely on credit history

  • Fast funding

Cons

  • Requires previous PayPal sales history

  • Maximum borrowing amount is 35% of annual PayPal sales

Microloans

What it means

Microloans are small amount loans specifically for small businesses. While microloans started as a way to encourage entrepreneurship in impoverished countries, they're now available to a wide range of entrepreneurs who need smaller amounts of capital.

Microloans typically have low interest rates and long loan terms of up to six years. The maximum amount you can borrow is usually around $50,000 USD, but the average microloan is more in the neighborhood of $10,000 USD, and you can borrow as little as $500 USD.

How to do it

Microloans are a great option for startup businesses because they're easier to qualify for than other forms of finance. If you keep your startup costs low, which we recommend, a microloan should cover your expenses.

Every microlender will have different criteria, so compare a few. Regardless of the lender you choose, however, you'll need a detailed business plan and financial projections. The good news is that these loans focus less on your personal credit and finances, and more on the strength of your business plan.

Microlenders are nonprofits, and particularly focus on providing startup capital to women, minorities or people launching businesses in impoverished areas. They take an active interest in helping borrowers, and provide pro-bono counseling and support to help develop your business plan.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Long loan terms

  • Low interest rates

  • Support for developing your business plan

Cons

  • Lower loan amounts

  • As nonprofits, microlenders are typically limited in the number of loans they can fund per year

  • Microlenders are mission-oriented, so if your business model doesn't fit their mission you might not be eligible

Inventory and invoice finance

What it means

This is a type of finance, also called asset finance, that uses sales or stock to secure funding.

Inventory financing uses physical inventory as collateral to establish a revolving line of credit. You can draw on this line of credit as needed, and you're only charged interest on the amount you use.

Invoice financing, also called receivables financing or factoring, sells your outstanding invoices to a third party at a discounted rate. The finance company then takes on the responsibility and risk for collecting on your outstanding invoices.

How to do it

Your eligibility for either of these forms of finance will depend on your type of business. To apply for inventory financing, you'll need to be selling tangible products and have a decent sized inventory of them.

Invoice financing works well for businesses selling a service rather than a product. For invoice financing, you'll need to already have customers, and those customers will need to have outstanding debts.

There are finance companies that specialize in inventory and invoice financing. If you decide to go with this form of financing, make sure you compare their terms.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Inventory financing provides working capital if your money is tied up in large amounts of inventory 

  • Invoice financing offloads your risk and responsibility for collecting on debt

Cons

  • Inventory financing comes with high costs as it requires an appraisal of inventory

  • Inventory is often appraised at a lower price than you paid suppliers

  • Invoice financing means you'll forfeit some of the value of your accounts receivable

Pre-sell a proof of concept

What it means

If you're offering a product, particularly a software product, you can raise money through pre-sales. Then you can use this money to develop the product for wide release. This differs from crowdfunding because you're offering a one-to-one exchange of goods instead of allowing people to contribute the amount they want, and you're not required to hit a specific funding goal before receiving funds.

How to do it

Take this route with extreme trepidation. If you're going to pre-sell a product that doesn't exist yet, you better over-deliver and you better over-deliver on schedule. Otherwise you will have torched your business' reputation from its very start.

If you are going to pre-sell, you'll need to develop some kind of proof of concept. If you're selling a physical product, that could be a working prototype. If it's a software product, it could be a wireframe.

Next you'll need a website that details the benefits of your product and allows customers to pre-buy. You'll need some digital marketing to drive traffic to your site. We'll go into detail on marketing in a later chapter, but marketing will play a crucial role in driving pre-sales for your business.

You'll also need to know how many pre-sales you'll require to develop your product, and in what timeframe. Like we said, you'll have to commit to a timeframe to deliver your product to buyers, so you'll have a limited time to secure those funds. If you miss this deadline, you will have created unsatisfied customers before you even launch.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Generates demand for your business before it launches

  • Builds a customer base

Cons

  • Potential to burn bridges if you don't deliver on your promises

  • Limits your product development timeframe

Keep it low cost

What it means

OK, we're admittedly a bit biased, but this is our favorite option. You can keep your startup costs to an absolute minimum by identifying needs that you can fulfill using freelancers. And by absolute minimum, we mean less than $1,000 USD.

How to do it

Think about what your business actually needs to get started. If you're not a bricks and mortar retailer (and we unabashedly prefer e-commerce as a business model over bricks and mortar), you don't need office space. Instead, you can build out a virtual office using freelancers.

Here are a few things you will need as an online business:

  • Website design (average of $244.88 on Freelancer)

  • Web hosting and domain name (about $14.99 per year for domain name and $8.99 per month for web hosting via GoDaddy)

  • Branding (average of $151.48 on Freelancer)

  • A logo (average of $88.83 on Freelancer)

  • Marketing (average of $173.40 on Freelancer)

In addition to this, you might need inventory if you're an e-commerce retailer. If you're launching a new product, you might also need product design (average of $329.33 on Freelancer).

Let's go into a bit more detail about why you need these and how to get them done.

Whether you're an online business or a traditional business, you need a website. In fact, 30% of consumers won't even consider a business that doesn't have a website.

The services you'll need to build your website will depend on the type of business you're starting. If you're starting a business that requires a sophisticated website with custom functionality, you'll need a web developer. For most businesses, though, a website built using Wix, Squarespace or Wordpress will work just fine.

However, even if you choose one of the platforms mentioned above, you'll want your website to have its own look and feel that reflects your brand. To pull this off, you'll need a web designer.

Your website will need to be hosted. Web hosting provides the server storage space for your website and makes it accessible on the internet. If your website is sophisticated and has to store a lot of data, you might need a heavy duty cloud server platform like Amazon Web Services. But for most businesses, an inexpensive web hosting platform like GoDaddy or Bluehost should work.

 You're also going to need to find a consistent look and feel for your brand. Fortunately, you can find a graphic designer who specializes in creating brand identity. This service could include logo design, but if it doesn't you can also hire a graphic designer specifically to create your business' logo.

Marketing is another essential component. Once you have your business up and running, you need to make people aware of it. 

In a later chapter we'll go into more detail about how and why to build out a virtual office using freelancers. But even at a glance, you can see that using freelancers to keep your startup costs lean means you can start pursuing your business without a massive amount of capital. And if you do pursue other forms of funding in the future, demonstrating low operating costs will put you in a great position to secure investors.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • Can fund your startup yourself

  • Keeps costs low to make your business more attractive to future investors

  • Allows you to staff for specific projects without a long-term hiring commitment

Cons

  • Some business models may require more startup capital

Conclusion

Once you've got your funding, it's time to launch your business in earnest. In the next chapter, we'll offer some practical tips on the logistics of putting your business together.

READ CHAPTER 4 OF THE ULTIMATE BUSINESS GUIDE

Hire expert freelancers for any job, online
Millions of small businesses use Freelancer to turn their ideas into reality.
Post a Project

Залишайтеся в курсі оновлень

Підпишіться на нашу розсилку, щоб бути в курсі важливих тем.
Дякуємо, що підписалися! Слідкуйте за вхідними повідомленнями, щоб не пропустити новини.